The Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) is a large woodpecker is widespread and expanding in much of Europe. It does not migrate.
It inhabits mature forest across the northern palearctic.
The Black Woodpecker is about the size of a crow.
The plumage is all black apart from the distinctive red crest. It has a pointed tail and its flight is straight - not dipping like the flight of woodpeckers.
The males and juveniles both have long narrow red crowns but on the adult females this is restricted to a little red patch at the back of the head.
Breeding / Nesting:
They nest in tree cavities. The average clutch consists of four or more eggs.
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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