The Great Thrushes (Turdus fuscater) occur naturally in the South American countries of n Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela; where they mostly inhabit subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, high-altitude shrubland, and heavily degraded former forests.
Subspecies and Ranges
- Great Thrush - Turdus fuscater fuscater (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) - Nominate Form
- Range: Western Bolivia
- Giant Thrush - Turdus fuscater gigas (Fraser, 1841)
- Range: Eastern Andes of Venezuela and Colombia.
- Turdus fuscater cacozelus (Bangs, 1898)
- Range: Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in northern Colombia.
- Turdus fuscater clarus (Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1953)
- Range: Perijá Mountains on the northeastern Colombia-western Venezuela border.
- Turdus fuscater quindio (Chapman, 1925)
- Range: Southern and western Colombia and northern Ecuador.
- Turdus fuscater gigantodes (Cabanis, 1873)
- Range: Southern Ecuador south to central Peru.
- Turdus fuscater ockendeni (Hellmayr, 1906)
- Southeastern Peru
Great Thrushes were named for their large size. At 12 - 14 inches (30 - 35 cm), they are the largest thrush in the Americas. The plumage is uniform slaty-colored.
Diet / Feeding
Great Thrushes mostly feed on insects and berries found on the forest floor or in trees and shrubs.
Breeding / Nesting
Their cup nests are constructed of plant matter and placed relatively low in trees.
Alternate (Global) Names
Chinese: 大棕鸫 ... Czech: Drozd velký ... Danish: Stor Solsort ... Dutch: Reuzenlijster ... Finnish: Isomustarastas ... French: Grive géante, Merle géant ... German: Riesendrossel ... Italian: Tordo maggiore ... Japanese: onitsugumi ... Norwegian: Stortrost ... Polish: drozd duzy, drozd duży ... Russian: Большой дрозд ... Slovak: drozd obrí ... Spanish: Mirla Patinaranja, Mirlo grande, Tordo Morera ... Swedish: Stortrast
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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