Hummingbirds: The Tiny Jewels from the Americas
Photo Galleries ... Species (Listing as well as by Location)
Useful / Interesting Links:
- White Hummingbirds (Albinos or Partial) - Images and Information
- Breeding / Nesting - Reproduction
- Finding a Nest or Chicks (on the ground, injured or orphaned)
- Finding Injured Adult Hummingbirds
- EXTREME Metabolism and Survival & Flight Adaptions - Amazing Facts
Feeding & Attracting Hummers To Your Garden
Bookmarks / Links:
- Overview (scroll down)
- Where do we find them (Distribution / Range / Migration - Facts & Myths)
- Description / Similar Races
- Diet / Feeding
- Lifespan & Predation
- Sounds / Vocalizations
- How they were named
Hummingbirds are the second largest family with over 340 species - 29 of them are on Birdlife International endangered list.
They are predominantly nectarivorous and are only found in the Americas (New World). They are found as far north as Alaska and as far south as Chile. An (introduced?) population has been reported as being common on the Indonesian island of Bali.
Old World ecological equivalents include the Australian honey-eaters and the African sunbirds. They have specialized bill shapes and foot types to help them retrieve nectar from flowers; and many of them have a colorful or iridescent plumage.
One of the rarest is the Marvelous Spatuletail which is only found in a small area in northern Peru.
Species by US State (listing and photos)
This family is divided into two subfamilies:
- Trochilinae: all the colorful family, numbering nearly 300
- Phaethornithinae: includes the 6 genera and over 40 races of hermits, which have a mostly brownish plumage
These nectarivorous birds are only found in the New World (North, Central and South America). Their range stretches from Alaska and Canada down south to the southernmost tip of the South American mainland (Tierra del Fuego). About seventeen hummingbird species occur in the United States; and the rest in Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean islands.
Until recently, we assumed that they never occurred outside the Americas; however, in 2004, Dr. Gerald Mayr of the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt am Main identified two 30-million-year-old hummingbird fossils that were found in a clay pit at Wiesloch–Frauenweiler, south of Heidelberg, Germany, This finding, in addition to some Asian fossils, suggests, that this group may have originated in the Old World. (The "Old World" includes Africa, Asia and Europe).
One of the rarest race is the Marvelous Spatuletail, which is only found in a small area in northern Peru. Rufous Hummingbird is the most widespread species in North America.
They are among the smallest of birds, and include the smallest living bird species - the Bee Hummingbird, which weighs less than a U.S. or Canadian penny, and measures only 1.97 inches or 5 cm in length.
They have the highest metabolism of any animal on Earth, which is necessary to support the rapid beating of their wings. They must consume more than their weight in nectar daily to support their need to survive. Their heart rate can reach as high as 1,260 beats per minute.
They have just about the longest migration route of any bird (except for some much larger birds). Some hummingbirds travel 2,000 miles (3,200 km) during their migration, including an amazing 500 mile (800 km) non-stop flight over the Gulf of Mexico.
They are able to hover in mid-air by flapping their wings 12-80 times per second. They are known as hummingbirds because of the distinct humming sound they make when they are beating their wings. They are also the only bird species that can fly backwards.
Hummingbirds are amongst our most unique birds.
They are among the smallest of birds, and include the smallest living bird species - the Bee Hummingbird, which weighs less than a U.S. or Canadian penny.
They have the highest metabolism of any animal on Earth - with the exception of insects.
They have just about the longest migration route of any bird (except for some much larger birds). Some travel 2,000 miles (3,200 km) during their migration, including an amazing 500 mile (800 km) non-stop flight over the Gulf of Mexico.
Plus, hummingbirds are more maneuverable than helicopters, with flying abilities that any other bird can only dream of.
Where do we find them? (Distribution / Range / Migration - Facts & Myths)
What do They Eat? (Diet / Feeding)
- Feeding These Small Birds the Right Way - Recipes and Instructions
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
For updates please follow Avianweb on Google+ (google.com/+Avianweb)
High Quality Species Photos, Videos and/or Articles Contributions are welcome! Upload your Articles and Images
Please Note: The images on this page are the sole property of the photographers (unless marked as Public Domain). Please contact the photographers directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you.
The Avianweb strives to maintain accurate and up-to-date information; however, mistakes do happen. If you would like to correct or update any of the information, please send us an e-mail. THANK YOU!